Am I a Candidate for Weight Loss Surgery?
Bariatric surgeons at North Mississippi Medical Center perform surgery to promote weight loss by restricting food intake or interrupting digestive processes for morbidly obese people.
Only morbidly obese persons (usually greater than twice the ideal body weight) are considered for surgical treatment. Otherwise, the expected risks may outweigh anticipated benefits. The ideal person should:
- Clearly and realistically understand the surgical risks and benefits and how his/her life may change after surgery.
- Be able to participate in treatment and commit to long-term follow up.
- Be 100 pounds over ideal body weight or have a BMI of 40 or above, or have a BMI of 35 to 40 with associated severe medical conditions (co-morbidities).
- Provide evidence of unsuccessful weight loss in non-surgical established weight control programs within the past two years.
- Have no contraindications for surgery.
A patient is morbidly obese when he or she is so heavy that the fat tissue load creates (or will create) other medical problems. Morbid obesity is a chronic condition, a disease that is very difficult to treat. This disease can severely impair the quality of life.
The most exact way to define morbid obesity is to use the Body Mass Index (BMI).
The health consequences of obesity are most clear in individuals whose weight exceeds twice their ideal body weight (BMI > 40 kg/m2). The risk of death doubles in obese individuals as compared to non-obese individuals. The risk of cancer quadruples (four times higher). Also, the risk of death from diabetes or heart attack is 57 times greater than the general population.
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